Eczema is a condition in which your skin gets red and patchier, sometimes blisters can also occur. At the place, where you get these rashes on the skin, your skin becomes red and inflammable. Eczema is a common name used to refer the medical condition of Atopic dermatitis which usually is seen in the children of early age and the situation of eczema is quite familiar to happen in the people in whose family has dealt with this condition previously. This condition can appear anywhere what it is quite usual to happen on the arms or behind the knees. There are different stages and types of eczema.
Avoiding the triggers Of Eczema
There are different causes that can trigger the reaction of eczema. As, different people get affected by eczema differently, but there are certain precautions that we can opt in everyday things in order to prevent its symptoms and that are as follows:
- Not to leave the skin dry in any case.
- Avoid irritants such as products with a high amount of chemicals; it may be your body lotion, shampoo or anything.
- One should also avoid Nickel-containing items, smoking habits, Formaldehyde contains disinfectants and much more. You can take guidance from your doctors about the list of common irritants that you should avoid.
Here are some natural ways by which you can soothe your skin from eczema
- Aloe Vera gel
Aloe Vera gel is known from so many years as the best method to sooth the irritated skin. As the Aloe Vera gel has a lot of wound healing properties that helps to calm down the inflammation such as is antibacterial, antimicrobial and also it helps to boost the immune system of our body taken orally. But you should first perform a patch test in order to check the sensitivity of your skin as sometimes it can cause a burning sensation. Apart from that, it is completely safe to use for people from all age group.
- Apple cider vinegar
It is very popular to be used in various home remedies however; it also contains some of the properties that can help in treating your eczema. It helps in maintain the ph level of the skin (usually the people dealing with eczema have less acidic skin.)
- Coconut oil
One can also use coconut oil as it helps to protect the skin by reducing the inflammation.
Medical ways to treat eczema
There are several medications that your doctor can prescribe in order to treat your eczema condition. But one needs to keep in mind that not all the treatment is the same for different patients of eczema. Depending upon the type and severity of eczema, the treatment prescription will change. Here I have listed a few of the popular medical treatments and that is:
- Topical Treatments
Many topical Corticosteroids creams and ointments are available in the market that is prescribed by the doctor to treat your eczema conditions. These types of medicines are anti-inflammatory in nature, hence, helps in relieving your skin from the symptoms of eczema. It is applied straight on the issue. If you want to opt for these ointments then there is a great option of these creams that are available on the internet, furthermore, you can check out the reviews of other customers there. Once can also be prescribed to purchase the systematic corticosteroids.
- Systematic corticosteroids
If the topical corticosteroids don’t work, then the doctor can prescribe you these Systematic corticosteroids that are taken orally or are injected directly in the body. But one point to be noted here is that these treatments are prescribed only for a short duration of time.
- Apart from the above two, you can be also prescribed to take antibiotics, anti-fungal, or anti-viral treatments.
Scratching the affected area can result in drowsiness which is not good, so to cure that the patients are prescribed to take the anti-histamines that are meant to reduce the risks of scratching in night.
- Topical Calcineurin inhibitors
These are also effective in reducing the inflammation on the affected area of skin.
- Barrier repairing moisturizers
There are moisturizers that are available on the medical store that prevents the loss of water and works on repairing the skin in order to heal the infection.
Apart from all the above oral treatments and the ointments, there is a therapy for treating eczema which involves the exposure to the ultra violet-waves A and B. The monitor is observed with great attention. The therapy is termed as photo-therapy and is used to treat the moderate cases of dermatitis.
Eczema can’t be cured itself and also cannot be cured by any method. Therefore, one should at least opt for the treatment that suits them and once the infected area of the skin has healed, one should still keep great care so that skin doesn’t get irritated again.
Other things that you should keep in mind to prevent itching and scratching
The one dealing with the symptoms of eczema should take bath regularly and should moisturize the skin right after they had taken the bath. However, if we talk about the bathing process, then one should soak themselves in a lukewarm bath. Other than that one can also add bleach, vinegar, salt, baking soda or oatmeal in the water to soothe and calm down inflammation and itching.
It very flares to leave the skin dry; therefore one should always keep the skin moisturized in order to prevent irritation and inflammation. There are various factors that can dry your skin:
- low humidity
- Cold temperatures
- Harsh soaps
- Excessive washing
Also one should moisturize the skin right after taking the bath. In order to lock the moisture within the skin, one should moisturize the skin within 3 minutes of washing. As, it is very important to keep the skin moisturized.
- Apart from moisturizing one should try to not scratch the affected area as it may worsen the conditions.
- Try to get dressed-up in the soft and breathable cotton clothes. Avoid wearing stuff like wool in order to prevent skin irritation.
All the above explained points are certain aspects and treatments one can opt, regarding the condition of eczema and in order to avoid the severe cases, one should take advice from an experienced dermatologist and opt for the medical treatment only if prescribed or by consulting your doctor.