Many people in our lives have barely heard of this disease that is the phenomenon of snoring in our lives. First of all, sleep apnea syndrome is a sleep disorder in which breathing stops while you sleep. Most commonly happen in the form of upper airway obstruction. It often manifests itself at night in the form of snoring and snoring, body twitching or arm flailing ending, etc.
Causes and population
The disease is widespread in obese, middle-aged, and around men, especially in middle-aged men that is the most popular, and then in obese predominate. The main types of disease are central, obstructive, and mixed. The obstructive type is the most common one, caused by the enlargement of the pharyngeal tonsils or tongue. Backward fall is caused by obstruction of the airway during sleep. The obstruction of airflow for a specific time can lead to a decrease in the partial pressure of blood oxygen, i.e., hypoxemia, as in transient asphyxia. The most prominent manifestation of this disorder is snoring during sleep, often accompanied by snoring and sudden pauses in breathing, along with the patient’s awakening. Following that, breathing resumes falling asleep again. If there are family members around with you, it’s all slightly worrying about holding breath up and suffocating at night. Many people think that snoring is sleeping better that is more painful and is lower quality sleep and not very deep sleep.
The dangers of sleep apnea syndrome
This disease causes poor quality of sleep. The number of times we wake up at night is relatively high, which leads to poor sleep quality and affects our work and life the next day. Without effective treatment for an extended time, what can occur is high blood pressure, coronary heart disease, pulmonary heart disease, cardiovascular disease, and so on, diabetes This means a range of cardiovascular diseases. Cardiopulmonary diseases, among others, are the root cause of many diseases.
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Best Ways to Get Rid of Sleep Apnea
If your doctor suspects that you have sleep apnea, they may order a “sleep study.” The sleep study can sometimes be done at home but is usually done in a sleepward. You will stay in the sleeping ward overnight and be hooked up to equipment to monitor your heart rate, breathing, and oxygen levels. Determine the presence of sleep apnea based on test results.
- Transnasal Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP)
The most effective treatment is the use of a device to keep your airway open while you sleep. This treatment is called Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP). Patients undergoing CPAP therapy wear a nasal mask during the night to keep their airways open. Another device that is worn in the mouth is called an oral appliance or a jaw advancement appliance, which also helps keep your airway open during sleep for those with “small jaws,” but braces are not as effective as CPAP in treating sleep apnea. Doctors may also recommend surgery if needed, but it is essential to know what the procedure is for.
- Oral Orthoses
Wearing an oral appliance during sleep elevates the soft palate, draws the tongue actively or passively forward, and moves the jaw forward to expand the oropharynx and lower jaw. The pharynx is one of the primary means of treating simple snoring or an important adjunct to the non-surgical treatment of OSAHS, but for moderate to severe, it is not effective for OSAHS patients.
The goal of surgical treatment is to reduce and eliminate airway obstruction and prevent airway soft tissue collapse. The choice of surgical procedure depends on the location and severity of the airway obstruction, the presence of morbid obesity, and general condition. The following surgical procedures are commonly used.
For those who suffer from tongue hypertrophy, megalocele, posterior displacement of the tongue root, or enlarged tonsils, lingualplasty is possible.
- Tonsillectomy, adenoidectomy
This type of surgery is indicated for adult patients with tonsillar hyperplasia, or children due to adenoids. It is usually useful for a short time after surgery and can still recur as youth develops, and the tongue and soft palate muscles grow.
- Nasal Surgery
Due to a curved septum, it will cause nasal airway obstruction. Nasal polyps or turbinate hypertrophy, septoplasty can alleviate symptoms.
- Orthognathic surgery
Orthognathic surgical treatment is primarily used for OSAHS to treat oropharyngeal and hypopharyngeal airway obstruction that is caused by jaw deformity.
- Palatal, palatal, and pharyngoplasty
This procedure involves removing the posterior border of the soft palate and the lax mucosa of the lateral pharyngeal wall and tightening the mucosa forward for relief. Airway obstruction at the level of the soft palate and oropharynx serves the purpose but does not relieve airway obstruction in the hypopharynx, so it is crucial to have a good understanding of the indications.
How can I prevent sleep apnea syndrome?
Increase physical exercise and maintain a healthy lifestyle.
Quit smoking and limit alcohol consumption, as tobacco causes respiratory symptoms to worsen, and alcohol consumption aggravates snoring, nocturnal breathing disorders, and hypoxemia. Drinking alcohol before going to bed will exacerbate snoring, nighttime breathing disorders, and hypoxemia.
For obese people, we should actively reduce their weight and strengthening exercise.
Snoring patients usually have decreased blood oxygen content, so they often have high blood pressure, heart rhythm disturbance increased blood viscosity, and increased heart burden. It quickly leads to cardiovascular diseases, so it is essential to monitor blood pressure.
It is forbidden to take sedative and sleeping substances before bedtime so as not to aggravate the inhibition of the regulation of the respiratory center.
Take the lateral sleeping position, especially the right lateral sleeping position that can avoid falling backward of the tongue, soft palate, and uvula relaxing during sleep, which will aggravate the upper airway clogging.